Mission schools: Football match victory, their best take

By Allan Richard Odoch

In their efforts to spread and promote conversion to Christianity, the
missionaries built schools that saw great African leaders be what
they are today. These mission schools were the greatest service done
to our nation.

They were a stepping stone for the emancipation of our women, the
greatest single achievement of the mission besides general education.

The performance gap between mission schools and government schools are
worryingly widening with each public examination. As the new year begins, soon results for the various National public examination will be out and you will seen out commission has lost it. The school team begins Continue reading


Another Gulu University Don shot dead

Okidi in his happy days

Isaiah Okidi in his happy days. RIP

By Allan Richard Odoch


22th August 2016


A lecturer at Gulu University was yesterday shot dead by a security guard manning DFCU bank located at Freezone hotel along Dr. Lucille road in Gulu town.

The deceased identified as Isaiah Okidi, a Lecturer at Gulu University Kitgum Campus who was teaching education psychology died instantly after he was shot directly in the chest at 8:20 on Sunday evening.

Thomas Lapyem Awany, an eyewitness said the deceased had gone to withdraw money from nearby mobile money and parked his motorcycle adjacent to the bank’s ATM machine.

He said after the deceased withdrawn his money and headed for his motorcycle, he was approached by the security guard who was accusing him of trying to steal the motorcycle, adding that the lecturer’s plea and explanations that he is the owner of the said motorcycle fell on deaf ear of the seemingly drunk guard.

Lapyem further said that after the scuffle, they had a gun shot and saw the lecturer lying on the guard with blood oozing from his head.

Patrick Jimmy Okema, the Aswa region Police spokesperson confirmed the incident registered at the Gulu Central Police Station under Murder by shooting CRB23382016 and identified the security guard as Patrick Okeny, 28 who works with Securiko group.

He noted that police will investigate the Manager Securiko, Manager of Gulu DFCU bank, Manager of Freezone hotel and nearby mobile money agents to find out the whether the deceased withdrawn from the ATM or a mobile money agent.

He said police recovered the gun that was used for the shooting with 4 rounds of ammunition left but will have to find out the number of rounds of ammunitions given to the security guard.

Okema said the suspect has been arrested together with his other colleague, Odongkara Simon, 21 who was deployed at the DFCU bank as investigations are ongoing.

By press time, the body of the deceased was still lying at Gulu Regional Referral Hospital, awaiting postmortem examination.

In June last year 2014, Andrew Rackara, a lecturer at Gulu University, was gunned down by thugs as he returned to his residence in Pece Division in Gulu Municipality at night.
Four of the suspected killers were arrested and remanded to Luzira prison in Kampala.


Dominic Ongwen’s ICC court hearing starts today.

The court hearing against the former Lord Resistance Army (LRA) commander, Dominic Ongwen who is in ICC custody starts today at The Hague.
Ongwen who was the commander of the Sinia Brigade of the LRA rebel group had been in the ICC custody since 21st January 2015 after his surrender on 16th.
Maria Mabinty Kamara, the ICC Field outreach coordinator for Kenya and Uganda said today that all the court proceedings will be relayed live so that people in various parts of Uganda get involved.
She said the court hearing that starts at 12pm Uganda time and will take 8 hours for 5 days till 27th.
Kamara noted that the victims of the atrocities are all fully and legally represented in the court. And all the court proceedings will be relayed live for the victims in Northern Uganda at selected places for the 5 days.
“This is not a trial but just a start to find out whether Ongwen has committed the alleged crimes or not”, she emphasized.
She said after the 5 days court hearing, the court will within 60 days come out with a ruling of either declining the charges against Ongwen, Confirming all the charges basing on evidences or adjourning the hearing.
“If all charges are confirmed, trial will proceed and a new set of judges will be composed in the court,” she added
In September last year the prosecutor of the International Criminal Court aaded additional 60 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity on Dominic Ongwen which marked a significant expansion of the charges against Ongwen, and potentially a greater opportunity for reconciliation in affected communities in Northern Uganda.
Ongwen was originally charged with seven counts; three counts of crimes against humanity (murder, enslavement, and inhuman acts) and four counts of war crimes (murder, cruel treatment of civilians, intentionally attacking a civilian population, and pillaging) allegedly committed in a camp for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the Gulu district.
Ongwen will be charged will 67 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity. The new 60 charges will include sexual and gender based crimes as well as crimes related to the conscription and use of child soldiers.
The geographic scope of the charges against Ongwen has also been extended beyond crimes he allegedly committed in the Lukodi IDP camp in Gulu, to include alleged crimes in the Odek IDP camp in Gulu, the Pajule IDP camp in Pader, and the Aboke IDP camp in Apac district.

By Allan Richard Odoch

My walk in Christ

Have you ever noticed that we tend to appreciate things more after they are gone? People take better care of their heart, for example, after it stops working for a minute. The job that causes complaints one week may be valued more after the job comes to an end.

An old car looks good to someone who has none, but less desirable to someone who has a new one. It’s the same car, yet one person appreciates it more than the other one does, because the person who has less tends to value it more.

In Jesus’ parable, the shepherd did not celebrate 100 sheep, but celebrated finding one that was lost (verses 4-6).


Allan celebrating his youthfulness

People appreciate food more when they are hungry, they appreciate water more when they are thirsty, they appreciate help more when they are needy. Health and freedom—and perhaps all good things—become more important to us when they are threatened.

The same seems to be true of spiritual realities, too. We value life with God more after we have experienced the problems of life on our own. In a strange sort of way, good can come out of evil.

In other words, people make a more serious commitment when they have a greater need. The less happy they were with life before, the more serious they are now.

Perhaps that is why Jesus came to seek the lost (Luke 19:10). Everyone he spoke to was spiritually lost, but Jesus came to seek those who would admit to being lost, who would admit that they needed to turn toward God. They were the ones who knew they needed help and would appreciate his help. Beggars appreciate crumbs more than rich people do.

This does not mean that people should go out and sin like crazy so they can have a more dramatic repentance. All sin brings is heartaches and grief. Why make it worse? Everybody sins enough that they should be able to see that we are incompetent creatures and are in need of serious help. It would be foolish to pretend that we are among a (nonexistent) tiny minority who can manage life OK without any need for God.

Jesus did not call the comfortable. He called those who were burdened and tired (Matthew 11:28). He called the thirsty, those who knew they had a need (John 7:37). The first step of salvation, it seems, is to realize that we have a need. We need to see that life has more to it than what we can get on our own.

Some people struggle on the margins of faith. They know they fall short, but think that if they just had a little help, they could get back on their feet and make it on their own. They view Jesus as a temporary help, it seems—a little rescue every now and then, but they think they will manage after that. “Just tell me what to do, and I’ll do it. A couple of days in the hospital and I’ll feel better and go on my way.”

But we are far too sick for that. We need more than rescue—we need regeneration—a new life. We need a heart transplant, intensive care, constant monitoring and constant forgiveness. We need a pacemaker—Jesus giving us a new heartbeat—and frequent medication from the Holy Spirit. We are seriously sick, and the better we realize it, the more appreciative we will be of the help that Jesus gives us.

The gospel of Jesus Christ helps us both in this life and in the future day of judgment. We have needs in both ages, and we should not neglect either one.

Some people treat the gospel merely as rescue from future condemnation. They accept Christ and, thinking that their future is now secure, go back to living pretty much the way they were before, all on their own steam, their own willpower, their own ideas of right and wrong. They may have seen a future need for Christ, but failed to see that they are desperately in need of him in this age as well.

They may trust in Christ when it comes to the future, but they do not trust in him for the here and now. They may strive for financial success, or for fame, power and importance. They may strive for pleasures in food and drink, sports and amusements. They may get them, but none of these will satisfy, because God has made us to need something more significant than self-amusement.

God has made us for fellowship with him, and nothing else can satisfy our souls. However, we often go hours or even days without giving much thought to God’s glory, love and holiness. I am sure that once we see Christ in his glory, we will thump our heads and say, “Oh, how could I have ever paid so much attention to other things?”

But we do not yet see Christ this clearly. We live in the slums, so to speak, and find it hard to imagine places we have never been. We are too busy trying to survive the slum to dwell on the glories of God.

But all the miseries of this life are learning opportunities for us, I think. We will appreciate the joys of eternity even more after we have struggled with the shackles of sin. We will appreciate spiritual bodies more after we have experienced the pains of our physical bodies.

We will appreciate paradise more after being lost, than if we had never been lost at all—or at least the contrast will help us appreciate it much faster.

The trials of this life make us look forward to, and will help us appreciate even more, the joys of eternity. In a strange way possible only with God, good will come out of and replace evil. This does not make our trials go away. Rather, it may help explain why trials are part of life. As it is written in Acts 14:22: “We must go through many hardships to enter the kingdom of God.”

God does not give us health and wealth whenever we ask, even if we are his children, because such things would too easily tempt us to focus on this physical life instead of spiritual reality. We are distracted too often as it is, but our attention (and our affections) would go astray even more if this life were more physically satisfying.

This physical life, in itself, is not supposed to be satisfying. It is supposed to make us hunger and thirst for the kingdom of Christ, so that we will come to him and be satisfied in him. The joys that he gives can never be taken away. In this life, we get only a down payment, to whet our appetite for more. It is through realizing what we lack, that we appreciate what Christ gives. The pain of being lost makes the joy of salvation that much more wonderful.

Professor Jack Nyeko Pen-Mogi

Prof. J.H. Nyeko Pen-Mogi

Founding Vice Chancellor of Gulu University

Gulu University

Faculty of medicine

Prof Jack Nyeko Pen-mogi, source internet

From his beginnings as a doctor of veterinary medicine performing research in molecular parasitology, Prof. Pen-Mogi has amassed a distinguished career in academic and public administration, and in higher education.

He is a former Member of Parliament of the Republic of Uganda, serving Kilak County in Northern Uganda, and a Fellow of the prestigious Uganda National Academy of Science. Dr. Pen-Mogi was the chairman of the task force that developed Gulu University and led to its establishment in 2002, where he now continues to serve as its Vice Chancellor.

He established the School of Medicine of Gulu University in 2004, and has led the university to become the second ranked among public universities in Uganda in production of research and publications. He is also the Chairman of the National Council for Higher Education and of the newly formed, National Environmental Management Agency of the Republic of Uganda.

Prof. Pen-Mogi deserve recognition because it’s his caring and desire that helped to restore the dignity and productivity of the victims of war that spawned vision to create the Biotechnology, Trauma & Disease Treatment Centre at Gulu University, where he now leads the effort as its Executive Chairman and Principal Investigator.

He created a number of relationships between Gulu university and other university like the University of Naples which gave birth to the development of a project proposal named GULUNAP (GULU and NAPLES) which was later submitted to the Italian Embassy in Kampala, Uganda and got some funding which helped in establishing the faculty of Medicine in Gulu University in 2004…..and also in remodeling some old buildings at Gulu Regional Referral Hospital, equipped the anatomy, microbiology and physiology laboratories for the University.

Pen-mogi’s contribution help strengthened the tripartite relationships between St. Mary’s Hospital Lacor (a leading private hospital in the country), Gulu University and University of Naples. When the faculty of Medicine started in October 2004, it was not easy to get senior lecturers in medicine willing to come and teach in Gulu University because of the civil war that was at its peak in northern Uganda. But Pen-mogi and through his hard work was able to mobilize senior professors from Italy (University of Naples) who came to Gulu to teach medical students at the university despite the insecurity.

Professor Jack Nyeko Pen-Mogi the vice-chancellor of Gulu University deserves recognition for the African University Day 2015


The closure of Uchumi supermarket Gulu made a number of workers who come from outside the district stranded and hopeless of what to do next after going 2 months without their pay.

Hannington Owere, an employee of the closed Uchumi supermarket said he was transferred from Tororo to work in Gulu against his interest but now the supermarket is closed and he is left in dilemma.

He said he wants now is to get transport back home and 2 months’ salary o that he goes and settle back home in Soroti district than roaming the streets of Gulu town.


This morning, over 100 former employees of Uchumi supermarket petitioned Gulu district local government officers to come in and help them and follow the management of the supermarket so that they are given a proper job termination.

The former employees who held a peaceful demonstration in Gulu town today marched from the Supermarket through the streets of Gulu to the district headquarters to deliver their petition letter to the district officials.

In their petition letter, the former employees claim the closure of the supermarket left them with unpaid salary of September and October and are demanding for terminal benefits, transport repatriation back home after termination of their jobs, severance pay, and certificate of service and recommendation letter.

They are also demanding Uchumi supermarket to pay their National Social Security Fund (NSSF) which they claim the supermarket management had been deducting it from their pay but never been remitted on their individual accounts for the last two years.

Simon Okwera, chairman Uchumi workers union, Gulu said they learnt about the decision to close Uchumi supermarket over social media and before it came down to Gulu thy realized the top management had already escaped.

No clear words still from the district officials.


Author: Odoch Richard Allan

Recently, Caesar Acellam, a former LRA rebel leader called upon the government to come out with special programs that is meant to benefit specifically the war affected persons because the mode of selection for government programs isolated them many times into the Peace Recovery and Development Plan (PRDP).

Currently, the Government of Uganda is enrolling out a government the recovery development program in the sub-region of Acholi, West Nile, Lango and Teso, which full scale implementation started in 2009 aimed at promoting socio-economic development of the communities of Northern Uganda to bridge the gap between the North and the rest of the country, so that the North achieves “national average level” in the main socio-economic indicators.

Before its full implementation of the cattle restocking, a number of issues were highlighted for considerations and a recommendation and guideline was sent from the Office of the Prime Minister which is the overseer and the coordinating office of the program.

According to the guideline, the each Local government is responsible geographical targeting, using poverty and socio-economic indicators to select beneficiaries and the targeted beneficiaries into the following 10 categories of people;

  1. Widows/widowers
  2. Orphan
  3. Persons Living With HIV/Aids (PLWAs
  4. Ex-combatants
  5. Former abductees
  6. Female headed households
  7. Child mothers
  8. Unskilled and unemployed youth
  9. Elderly
  10. Persons With Disability (PWDs)

Gulu district for the FY2014/ 15 received 864 herds of cattle at an estimated budget of 956 million under the PRDP program phase two, meant for the 10 targeted beneficiaries.

Gulu district has 12 sub- counties and 54 parishes of which each parish was to receive 16 herds of cattle to be distributed among the ten categories of people from every parish. But it so happened that the program did not benefit the people equally.

Ojara Martin Mapenduzi, the chairman LC5 of Gulu district said selection of the targeted beneficiaries was completely community based and they identified the most needful member from the group to give the cattle to, with guidance from the area LC one, Giso, the district veterinary officer and the sub county chief.

“Selection was community-based and people were in 10 groups as specified by the guideline from the OPM. Each group was to select a  person who is vulnerable and have never benefited from any government program like NAADS, CDD, NUSAF, Disability grant so that people who have never benefited from any government program to have the chance. And we made sure every village benefit from the program” he said.

Mapenduzi added that after the selection from within the targeted groups, names were submitted to the parish chief and the Community development officer who tend submit to the Sub County office who then confirm the names and sends to the district without altering the list.

From the recent cattle restocking program in the FY2014/15, the 864 herds of cattle went to the beneficiaries indicated in the table:



SUB-COUNTY Orphans Widows PWDs Former Abductees PLWA Ex-combatants Female-headed families Child-mothers Elderly Unskilled/unemployed youths Total herds of cattle
Ongako 6 9 11 6 13 4 1 14 16 80
Paicho 4 22 12 4 8 1 4 9 64
Koro 5 22 17 5 18 3 18 8 96
Bobi 7 13 13 5 1 1 18 22 80
Palaro 2 6 1 3 1 3 2 3 14 13 48
Lakwana 3 11 9 2 9 15 15 64
Awach 7 4 11 2 3 22 15 64
Patiko 1 5 10 32 48
Odek 5 14 17 3 6 2 2 13 2 64
Unyama 8 18 5 3 10 3 4 1 7 5 64
Bungatira 112
Lalogi 80
TOTAL 41 127 89 37 72 17 9 8 135 137 864



Orphans Widows PWDs Former Abductees PLWA Ex-combatants Female-headed families Child-mothers Elderly Unskilled/unemployed youths Total herds of cattle
41 127 89 37 72 17 9 8 135 137 864




  • PLWAs- Persons Living with HIV/Aids
  • PWDs- Persons With Disability


NB: Two Sub counties of Bungatira and Lalogi never had data for the specific category of beneficiaries who benefitted under the cattle restocking program for the FY 2014/15. Bungatira and Lalogi got 112 and 80 herds of cattle respectively which represents 22% of the 864 total herds of cattle given out in Gulu district in the FY2014/15.

Filder Abalo, a former abductee from Te ogali village, Patuda parish, Ongako Sub County, who said she was forced to missed out on the program yet she was communally selected among the Female headed households to benefit from the program, claiming that the area LC3 of the Sub County connived with a LC 1 chairperson and replaced her name with the name of the LC1’s wife of Te-ogali village.

However, Okumu Emmanuel Luru, the Chairman LC3 of Ongako Sub County denied being involved in that case, saying that the only problem was that there was similar names and that confused them when giving out the animals.

”The Abalos had similar names and the LC1 had them all as wives, but the cow was for the elder wife who was selected by the community but as the Sub County chairperson; I gave the lady who is complaining, two goats under NAADS program to help her boost the poverty in her home,” said the chairperson. “That’s a family fight between co-wives and we cannot give 2 herds of cattle to the same family,” Luru added.

However Abalo Filder denied getting any goat under the NAADS program.

Other Sub Counties that had similar situation of replacement of names are Odek, Koro and Lalogi Sub County.

Tony Aliro, the District Veterinary Officer (DVO) of Gulu district who is among the District Restocking Team said that the guideline that was sent from the OPM had also some other conditions attached to it like available of enough grazing land, money for veterinary services etc

“We are saying we need economically active households who have something to support because we expect them to treat the animals if it’s sick and that is why some targeted beneficiaries missed the opportunity,” he said

“So those ones who are very poor we don’t give because we don’t expect such a person to contribute towards treatment of the animal and we told them very clear during sensitization to have evidence of having enough grazing space,” the DVO added.

In Patiko Sub County which received 48 herds of cattle under the cattle restocking program for the FY2014/15, only youths, the elderly, orphans and widows benefitted from the program and other categories like PWDs, Former abductees, PLWAs, Ex-combatants, Female-headed families and child-mothers missed out.

Moses Awany Andrew, the Resident District Commissioner (RDC) of Gulu district says part of the problem could be that the category of people didn’t turn up at the selection and therefore missed out on the program.

“Situation where some category didn’t benefit means in such Sub County, the intended beneficiary must have not come for the selection meeting because under this program, all the people must come together and identify the most vulnerable persons to benefit. So if you don’t come for the meeting, automatically miss and that’s where the problem. Other factors we failed to notice is the ability of a beneficiary to look after the animal and that’s why some people are already abusing the program by selling off their animals and others keeping the animal in a miserable state,” said the Resident District Commissioner of Gulu district noting that they have handled every complaint they encountered during the implementation of the 2014/2015 restocking program.

 Dr. Odong Otara, a veterinary expert attributed the problem to communication gap and inadequate sensitization to the beneficiaries whose needs and the level of their poverty were not well understood at the roll-out of the program.

“It seems investigating whether the intended beneficiaries’ problem could be solved by giving them herds of cattle wasn’t not done well, because there is a big difference between sensitizing the people and coming to talk to the people. For anyone to understand well, you can’t teach that person for only one hour and the same team move in 3-4 places the same day. Like we have been following over the radio, things were done in a speedy way, and the people didn’t understand the whole process and that’s why a lot of people didn’t get the opportunity, said.

 Gulu district chairperson, Ojara Martin Mapenduzi advised the people who missed out on the program to wait patiently because the number of the herds of the cattle was too small and there are still other government programs that they can possibly benefit from.

“One herd of cattle for a family is very small, and if you go to parishes, a parish has over 800 people and you only give 16 herds of cattle, it’s really something small. I tried negotiating this at the Ministry but “Acholi Waco ni ma opoto i opony, en aye megi”, said Mapenduzi

 The cattle restocking program has evidently failed to benefit the people who were directed affected by the insurgency in Northern Uganda because of the unfavorable selection progress.

Oryem Nyeko, communication and Advocacy team leader at Justice and reconciliation Project Gulu said government programs should have benefitted people equally because the challenge is that there is inadequate data about the number of people in different categories.


My baby is fully engaged with the world now: She smiles, laughs, and holds babbling conversations with me. And she’s on the move.

From experience, at 8 months, she can roll to her tummy and back again, sit without my help, and support her weight with her legs well enough to bounce when I hold her, using a raking grasp to pull objects closer and can hold toys and move them from one hand to another.

That is not all; she is more sensitive to my tone of voice and heeds my warning when I tell her “no.” She also knows her name (Gillian) now and turns to look at me when I call her.Gillian at 8 months

Hide and seek is our favorite game and she enjoys finding partially hidden objects. If I move a toy in front of her, she follows it closely with her eyes. Watching herself in a mirror is sure to delight her.

Now here comes my role.

Babies thrive on the interactions she has with the parents and integrating plays into everything you do with her is crucial, I do every day. Shower her with smiles and cuddles, and reply when she babbles to encourage her communication skills. Read together every day, naming the objects you see in books and around you. I love to sing “Baa-baa black sheep” every evening.

What we can do is give them lots of opportunities to strengthen their new physical skills by helping them sit and position them to play on both stomach and back. Before my baby started crawling, I have to make the house and environment safe for exploring, providing a variety of age-appropriate toys and household objects (like wooden spoons or cartons) to explore but not dolls( I have my reasons).

I am left with working on establishing a routine for sleeping, feeding, and playtime for my sweetheart.

Children grow up at different paces, Gillian is 8 months now. Let’s share experiences please.


Courtesy photo

Courtesy photo

As a young man who has been born in the NRM era, I have never had the chance to experience what other regimes felt like. I can’t tell if you are also feeling the sense of dictatorship at this moment as I am.

What is happening now I can say, it’s like “creating the enemies you need’ to confuse the mass. Seem like a new brand authoritarian government has evolved, “hard dictatorship taking root.

An Acholi adeg ming. I mean some. And they are trying to reshape Uganda in their own image, replacing the little peace God has granted us with skepticism and corruption. Uganda needs to understand how these regimes work and how to confront it.

Look, the confusion now, all minds and eyes on JPAM Vs NRM, this suggests that any chance of reinstatement of NRM, be it JPAM or whoever, “yer dong yer” and this is very bad for the future of Ugandan democracy, but this sentiment must be weighed against the equally significant fact that the people of Uganda are clearly unwilling to put up with rampant corruption without a fight. As dishonest as the past campaign may have been, take the Amuru woman Member of Parliament by-election, the people have proven themselves vocal, opinionated, and capable of organizing in opposition to such political maneuvering.

Therefore, while Uganda may be up to its same old tricks, the people are up against a distinctly different Uganda.

If a ruling party relies heavily on the exploitation of the poor to gain and maintain its power, then there is an obvious incentive to keep a significant portion of the population poor enough to remain easy to persuade, take Northern Uganda for example. The use of dirty campaigning tricks shows a general lack of respect for the democratic process itself: having a party in power that routinely employs such tactics will normalize corruption and impede Uganda’s progress as a truly democratic nation.

Occasional political arrests, strict social control (take Public Order Management Bill) and frequent lawsuits to fool the press…..the list continues.

They often use propaganda, censorship and other information-based tricks to inflate their ratings and to convince citizens of their superiority over available alternatives.

When their economies do well, such leaders co-opt potential critics with material rewards. In harder times, they use censorship. The new autocrats bribe media owners with advertising contracts, threaten libel suits, and encourage pro-regime investors to purchase critical publications, check the UCC warning to media houses.

Soon the internet will be dominated and access to independent websites blocked, I wish I were a hacker, I would surely take up opportunity like this; to vandalize the opposition online media sites.

The new dictatorships preserve a pocket of democratic opposition to simulate competition, check the opposition’s Aruu county Member of Parliament Odonga Otto, Kilak’s Gilbert Olanya and their One million person’s March (OPM). By the way, where is the source of their funding? They are trying to fight the created enemy.

New autocrats use violence sparingly. This is their key innovation. Mobutu hanged rivals before large audiences, while our own Idi Amin fed the bodies of victims to crocodiles. Claiming responsibility was part of the strategy: It scares, you know! But don’t worry; we have an old broom that knows it all, we won’t be scared.

They violently block unarmed protesters and this reveals the regime’s true nature, hope it turns their supporters into opponents. Today’s dictators carefully deny complicity when opposition activists are murdered.

And violence is not just costly — it’s unnecessary. Instead, the new authoritarians immobilize political rivals with endless court proceedings, interrogations and other legal formalities. No need to create martyrs when one can defeat opponents by wasting their time.

To be a dictator, one has to be self-confident, ruthless and skilled in personal management. So when asked whether there is a way to recognize a dictator now, let’s look into the way they act within their own parties. “There are also certain actions… censoring the media, even in a very subtle way, means that the person is not really democratically inclined.

Remember! There is a created enemy out there.